Para Commando: The Para Commando is one of the best and elite forces in the world.The Training course is also most deadliest in the world.The main aim of having a Parachute Unit to any country is for the quick deployment of the soldiers behind enemy lines to attack the enemy from behind & destroy their first line of defence. They are the “CRACK FORCE” & help the main army to get in without much damage. The Indian Paras are the Elite group of soldiers & generally all the Special Forces personals are selected from it. Though it has it’s own SF Units & slowly the rest of them are being converted into SF or better known as “COMMANDOS”.You can also Join Indian army as directly education havildar.
About Para Commando
The three parachute commandos (battalion-size units) perform special forces duties. Airborne, Air Assault or Parachute troops are usually held centralized. The mounts, in all cases, are provided by the Indian Air Force. The parachute and parachute commando units, which are part of the Indian Army’s special forces, are ready reaction troops, although their use “is heavily dependent on the Air Force air transport fleet.
- In order to be a Para (Special Forces), all personnel are first required to qualify as Paratroopers; once selected the candidates may choose to advance to the SF selection.
- All Indian paratroopers are volunteers where only the serving army personnel can opt for para no one else. There is a probationary period of 3 months for all when men undergo various physical & mental tests, during which many are rejected.
- Those who pass are sent to the PTS (Paratroopers Training School) at Agra, U.P. where 5 jumps, including 1 at night, entitle the trainee to wear the wings & the maroon beret. After this, those who had opted for Para (SF) undergo more specialized training of 3 more months to suit them for their role. In all, SF has 6 months probationary period.
- It is one of the longest and toughest phases in world where the applicant is exposed to sleep deprivation, humiliation, exhaustion, mental and physical torture. The selection has reported deaths in the process itself. The attrition rate is very high and is close to 80%.
- Because of its specified role, the regiment needs to be kept at optimum level of operational efficiency and physical fitness. Towards this end, this specially selected manpower is comparatively young, physically fit and mentally robust, intelligent, innovative and highly motivated so as to successfully accomplish the assigned operational tasks.
- The Parachute Regiment has, in addition to their participation in other countries, formed part of the United Nation Operations in Gaza and Korea. Today, the regiment is perhaps the only one in the Indian Army to have taken part in every theatre and every operation in and outside the country.
- The name “RED DEVILS” was given to them by the soldiers of the German African Corps fighting against them in Africa. The name “RED” came from the “MAROON BERET” that the paratroopers used to wear which is now a trade mark for all the paratroopers around the world.
- By start of the new century, the Parachute Regiment had essentially two components. One part was the traditional parachute force, with the 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th Parachute. The other was the five Parachute Special Forces units with the 1 Para (SF), 2 Para (SF), 9 Para (SF), 10 Para (SF) and 21st Para (SF).
- One part was the traditional parachute force, with the 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th Parachute.
- 5, 6, 7 and 8 Para are airborne units, not specialised in any particular warfare.
- The other was the five Parachute Special Forces units with the 1 Para (SF), 2 Para (SF), 9 Para (SF), 10 Para (SF) and 21st Para (SF).
- The 1 Para (SF) is trained for covert and overt operation; 2, 3 and 4 Para (SFs) is trained for urban warfare, unconventional warfare, foreign internal defence, special reconnaissance & so on.
- The 9 Para (SF) is trained extensively in mountain warfare and cross trained in urban jungle and desert warfare.
- The 10 Para (SF), a residue from the 9 Para (SF) is the toughest battalion in PARA, trained for desert warfare and cross trained in all other warfare.
- The 21 Para (SF) is permanently situated in North-East and is very highly trained in Counter Insurgency & Jungle Warfare and Guerrilla warfare being the best in camouflage and concealment and sniping as well.
- Firing while rolling and snaking their way through an actual mined path, are some of the day to day training exercises for the Para soldiers.
- They can be self-sustained in enemy territory only for a brief period of probably up to 72 hrs beyond which they will be overrun by the sheer numbers of the enemy forces.
- The Special Forces Battalions are organised entirely differently in a way which give them the capability to operate in smaller teams. The SF, unlike the airborne, are used more for special missions and clandestine operations in enemy territory which require a lot of secrecy and the ability to operate in very small teams of five or six. The SF rarely operates as an entire Battalion.
RECRUITMENT PROCEDURE FOR PARA & PARA (SF)
Parachute Regiment consists of PARA and PARA (SF) Battalions, which are the elite volunteer force of Indian Army. The Regiment has the honour of being conferred the ‘Bravest of the Brave’ distinction. The Regiment has already been awarded 08 Ashok Chakras, 11 Maha Vir Chakras, 21 Kirti Chakras, 106 Shaurya Chakras, 63 Vir Chakras and 491 Sena Medals and the list continues to grow.
During operations, soldiers of PARA and PARA (SF) Regiments are assigned with the tasks, which are of special nature and demand very high standards of physical fitness and mental robustness. Upon joining the service and
for carrying out the special tasks, they are required to undergo Specialization Training at the respective battalions after clearing their probation and based on their
aptitude, they may undergo specialization training in any of the following:
- Combat Free Fall.
- Under Water Diving.
- Paramotor Pilot.
- IGLA and A/Tk Missile Pilot.
- Rock Craft and Ice Craft.
The Paratroopers by virtue of the tough selection, rigorous
training and continuous deployment/ preparation are given the elite status throughout the Indian Army. Wearing the maroon beret distinguishes them from the rest and is a recognition of the ELITE across all armies of the world.
- Monetary Benefits. Over and above the standard Army allowances which are authorized depending on the sector where an individual serves,a Sepoy rank soldier in the Special Forces unit will get Rs. 17,300/- per month
as Special Forces Allowance and Rs. 6000/- per month in Para Battalion as Para Pay.
- Exposure with Foreign Armies. Being in the PARA/ PARA (SF),generally an individual gets an exposure of serving / training with foreign Armies.
- A Complete Soldier in PARA Regiment. Serving in the PARA/PARA (SF), each individual can be termed as complete soldier as he has a sound working knowledge and advanced knowledge on one or more of the following
(i) Demolitions (ii) First Aid & Trauma Mgt
(iii) Communication (iv) Combat Survival
(v) Weapon incl Sniping (vi) Unarmed Combat & PTKE
(A Philippians Martial Art)
(vii) language Skills & Cultural Skills
Selection Process for Recruitment into PARA Regtiment. With a view to
recruit motivated and volunteer soldiers into the PARA Regt, following process would
be followed with immediate affect :-
(a) Successful and eligible candidates ie. those attaining 100% marks in
Physical Fitness tests and 50% marks in Written Test and are in merit will be
asked to exercise an option of joining the ELITE PARA Regt by AROs just
prior to their despatch. These volunteers candidates will be subjected to
additional tests for selection for PARA Regt.
(b) These candidates who have exercised the option of joining the
PARA Regt will have the assurance of joining the already allotted Parent Regt
if they fail to qualify in the special screening tests for PARA Regiment.
(c) Volunteers will be subjected to special tests as stated below :-
The selected candidates will be dispatched to PRTC. In case the
selected candidates are not able to meet requisite trg stds at PRTC, they will
be transferred to the parent Regt for further trg.
(e) The above mentioned tests will be conducted by the Bd of Offrs of the
PRTC at the ARO location/station.
6. These are broad guidelines and will be refined once the process is set into
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